Jehovah’s Witnesses before, and during Nazi Germany

Excellent piece – insightful – “new” history to me. Thanks for sharing.

imagingenocide

I am writing this paper to shed light on the treatment of a group of lesser known victims of the Nazi regime, the Jehovah’s Witnesses. In my essay, I aim to examine the history of the organization, their emergence in pre-Nazi Germany, and their treatment during Hitler’s reign.                      However, the main question I want to examine through my paper is, how was the fate of the Witnesses during the Holocaust presented as a story of martyrdom? How does the evidence they left behind tell that story? And why were the Witnesses considered Martyrs, and not the Jews?      These questions will be answered in my essay through the following layout: Introduction, “History, Pre-Third Reich Emergence and Development of Controversial Principles”, “The Story of Martyrdom”, and the conclusion paragraph.

Introduction

The International Bible Students Association, The Jehovah’s Witnesses, or to the Nazis, the Bibelforscher, were a terrible danger to the integrity…

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Homework Check

The Hectic Teacher's Ideas Bank

This is a great activity to use when you just need 5 minutes at the start of lesson to get yourself sorted. If you are

like me and teach in a number of different classrooms throughout the day, you can sometimes arrive at your room to find the class waiting for you and no time to sort yourself out before you get them in. This activity allows you to get them in and doing something with little input from you (once they are sued to doing it that is).

It is a simple activity that incorporates peer assessment and assessment for learning into one tidy package (great if OFSTED are in).me and you teach in a number of classrooms, this can be a lifesaver. The number of times I have rushed to my classroom to find my group already there waiting outside so I have no time to get myself sorted before…

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2014 – the year I get students Blogging!

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Here I’m going to post some links on blogs. This is a can I’ve been kicking down the road for a long time; 2014 is the year I do something about it. Graphic at top of page provided by Med Kharbach

This one is from Nigel Lane on his favourite blogging format KIDSBLOG

Another link from Nigel Lane on the advantages of KIDSBLOG

An award short listed blog on TY

A truly excellent website on blogging from educatorstechnolgy.com

The above includes headings like …
1-What is blogging?
2- Difference between A Blog and a Website
3- Free Blogging Platforms for Teachers and Students
4- How to set up a blo
5-Things to Pay Heed to when Setting up a Classroom Blog
6- Blogging Tips for Teachers
7- Advantages of Blogging in Education
8- Ways Teachers Can Use Blogs in their Classrooms
9- Examples of Successful Student, Class, and Teacher Blogs
Plus… A great webliography
Thanks to @medkh9

Great explanation of Blogging via Anne Turner on INOTE Facebook page

may be this might be some use Deirdre 🙂 BLOGGING
Blogs, or Web logs, are online journals that are updated frequently, sometimes even daily. An update, (also called an entry or a post) is usually quite short, perhaps just a few sentences, and readers can often respond to an entry online. People who write blogs are commonly called bloggers. Bloggers, tongue in cheek, call themselves and their blogs the blogosphere.
Blogs are a great way to keep everyone in a family abreast of the latest family news without running up the phone bill — you can simply read back over important updates to find out the latest news. In addition, many blogs are being used to host photographs, and their chronological structure can be a great way to keep track of a baby’s growth, a trip, or the process of planning a wedding.
Professional writers often look down on bloggers, because their informal online writing rarely benefits from a good editor. Blogs are known for their casual writing and unpredictable subject material, but the best blogs have proven that — regardless of punctuation and spelling — even “novice” writers can be entertaining enough to attract a broad audience.
Bloggers with an especially engaging subject, such as chronicling a trip around the world, have the advantage of inherently interesting material, but even mundane material can attract an audience if you have an engaging style and voice.
Here are three guiding principles to writing a successful blog:
• Develop a writing style and tone appropriate to your subject material.
• Post often, even if your posts are short.
• Allow your readers to comment on your posts.
Develop a writing style and voice
A great site design and technical gimmicks are no replacement for developing an interesting, readable writing style. Most of us don’t do much personal writing in our everyday lives or even keep a diary. Writing about yourself is never easy, and you may find yourself freezing up in front of the computer screen or becoming stilted and unnecessarily verbose.
Here are a few suggestions you can use to develop your own voice and style for your blog. First, remember that a blog is a conversation. Try to write the way you speak. Avoid jargon and clichés and don’t overuse the thesaurus. It may be helpful to speak your entry out loud before trying to type it or to read it aloud after you’ve written it. If you find yourself struggling as you read aloud or speaking unnaturally, think about what you might have said if you were talking to a friend rather than writing.
Second, write your blog with a specific friend or family member in mind. Thinking of someone you know well and who might want to read your blog will help you relax your writing style. That’s why it’s become popular for many people to start personal journal entries with Dear Diary. The goal is to get your writing to sound more like you and less like a lofty essay.
Always consider your audience. If you’re writing for only close friends and family, you don’t need to explain that Sarah is your 8-year-old daughter every time you mention her. But if your blog attracts a wider audience, you may want to create references or glossaries to help new readers follow along.
Finally, before you start blogging, spend some time visiting other blogs that are like the one you’re thinking of starting. Read one or two for a few weeks and pay attention to things like the length of posts, frequency, writing style, and subject material. You can get some great ideas for your own blog by noting what you find interesting and compelling in other people’s blogs.

Update, update, update
The blogs that attract the most readers are the ones with frequent updates. If you start a blog, be prepared to spend some time working on it every day or two. If you’re going to be a blogger, you have to blog! It takes discipline for most of us to write, even conversationally, every day. If you find yourself dreading posting to your blog, maybe a blog isn’t for you.
As you go about your day, keep the blog in the back of your mind. You may even want to carry a notebook where you can jot down reminders for topics you want to blog about later. Start paying attention to the parts of your life that are most interesting to you; those will likely be the areas your friends and family are most interested in as well. Don’t be afraid to write about everyday activities — parking tickets and car repairs — but don’t neglect to talk about what you’re thinking and feeling. All these areas will make it possible for you to update frequently.
Having a co-blogger can take some of the pressure off, especially if all authors contribute regularly. If you’re going to be working with several people on one blog, talk over how often you expect each other to post so that you can keep some focus and cohesion to your blog.
If you will be updating your blog on a weekly, biweekly, or monthly basis, try to be consistent about when you add new posts so that your readers know when to catch up. For example, you may choose to update your site every Sunday evening.
Invite comments
An important aspect of blogs is that they feature the writing of the blogger as well as the comments of readers. When you visit a blog, you often find a comment link under the text of each blog posting. Clicking that link enables you to read comments from other people and submit your own. Usually bloggers make their own comments in the posts on their site, but sometimes a blogger adds a response in the comment section because it’s a more direct way to address someone else’s comment.
Not all bloggers choose to implement the comment feature, but if you want to develop a dialogue with your audience, comments are the best way to do so. The comment feature is an easy way to involve your audience and get valuable feedback about what you’re doing with your blog.

Donal O’Mahony of Portmarnock College and why he blogs

Discuss the nature and impact of Nazi Anti-Semitism?

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Anti-Semitism and the Holocaust had a massive impact in Europe between 1920 and 1945. The term anti-Semitism is used to describe the discrimination against Jewish people. This played a major part Hitler’s Germany. 3

Hitler came into power in 1933. He blamed the Jews for Germany’s defeat in the Great War and for ruining the economy. He believed that they were part of an international conspiracy, profiting from the misery of others and trying to take over the world. In his book “Mein Kampf” he constantly calls the Jews derogatory names such as “dirty”, “sly” and “eternal bloodsuckers.” He claimed that Jews were inferior to pure “Aryan” Germans. 5

In April 1933 the first anti-Jewish law banned Jews from having certain professions. September 1935, the Nuremberg laws were introduced. The Nuremberg Rallies had become a huge celebration of everything German, so Hitler had no problem using the rallies to promote these laws. Jews could no longer marry or have sexual relations with Aryans. Over time the laws were expanded. Jews were no longer allowed to go to the public swimming pool, parks or restaurants. Public buildings were closed to Jews and they were not allowed to join the army. They were no longer Citizens of Germany which meant they no longer had the vote. In 1939, a curfew was was added to these laws. They could no longer use public transport or own a bike or radio. Jews had to choose their child’s name from a list of approved names. This made Jews more recognisable and further isolated them from the Aryans. These laws were enforced in all countries controlled by the Nazis. 11

Hitler and Joseph Goebbels manipulated millions of Germans through use of anti-Semitic. Goebbels once said “if you tell a big lie often enough , people will believe it”. They used newspapers, films like “The Eternal Jew” and the radio to condemn Jews. There was a quota put on how many Jews were allowed a third level education. Organisations like “Hitler Youth” helped Hitler spread his views and isolate Jews even further. 5

In 1938 the killing of the German ambassador in Paris by a Jew sparked fury among the Nazis. Himmler , leader of the SS ordered troops not to wear uniform and attack Jewish shops and businesses during the night. This night became known as Kristallnacht, or night of broken glass. Huge damage was done to Jewish property. The Nazis did everything in their power to encourage the Jewish people to emigrate. By 1939 more than 130,000 jewish people did manage to emigrate. However the majority couldn’t due to lack of money which led to their inability to pay the emigration tax levied on them. Another factor was that other countries prevented immigrants entering their country without some financial security. 8

As World War 2 progressed millions of Jews fell under their control. Einsatzgruppen were set up to execute as many Jews as possible, However they were deemed ineffective as the number of Jews was just too high. Many Einsatzgruppen members had developed severe cases of mental trauma due to the violent mass killings they carried out. A new method of gassing Jews using mobile gas vans now became the preferred method. 5

Jewish residential districts were set up in Nazi occupied cities, usually the part where the slums were to be found. They became known as ghettos. High walls were built around the ghettos to prevent escape. Anyone who tried to escape could be shot dead on the spot. The Warsaw Ghetto was by far the biggest with over 450,000 Jews. As the war proceeded a plan was made to send Jews to Madagascar. They were to be loaded onto ships in various ports in Vichy France. The operation was almost underway, but a breakdown in transport communication prevented it from ever happening. 6

Instead the “Final Solution” was created. A plan was drawn up to conduct the largest genocide in history; The Holocaust. The Holocaust was the term used to describe the mass murder of over 6 million Jews by the Nazis. On the 20th of Jan 1942 the Wansee Conference was held. It was here that the fate of the Jews was decided. The meeting involved various senior officials of Nazi Germany. It was finally decided that all Jews would be sent to death/concentration camps where they would be worked to death or killed. 5

The most famous of these camps was Auschwitz in Poland. It was built to resemble a railway station on arrival. All new arrivals went through a selection process where they would be divided. Those who were able to work were sent to work camps where they would be killed through a process called ‘destruction through work’. Mothers,children, the old and sick were all sent straight to the gas chambers which were disguised as ‘showers’. The Nazis would force large groups into small cement rooms and pour acid in its crystal form through tiny holes in the roof. The prisoners died within minutes. Dr Joseph Mengele(The Angel of Death) was head of the selection process in Auschwitz. He specifically asked to be sent to Auschwitz because of the opportunities such a place presented. He kept a special eye out for twins who if found were destined for his lab. He viewed himself as strictly a scientist who had a great passion for his work. Some Jewish twins he would kill for pathological reasons while also operating on them without anesthesia. He even attempted to change eye colour to blue. He’d inject the eyes of children with a chemical that caused immense pain and even blindness. Even so Mengele escaped the Nuremberg trials by fleeing to South America. 10

At the end of World War Two, the Soviet army rolled into eastern Europe and the Nazis’ attempted to cover their tracks by forcing the Jews to evacuate the concentration camps and march westwards. Thousands of Jews died from exhaustion, hunger and the freezing cold on these ‘Death Marches’. By the end of the Holocaust more than six million Jews had been killed. A total of roughly nine million Jews lived in the countries that would be occupied by Germany during World War II. By the end of the war, two out of every three of these Jews would be dead, and European Jewish life would be changed forever. 6

(A “team essay” done by my Leaving Cert Students)

Marked as a Leaving Cert Essay

Cumulative Mark 60/60
Overall Evaluation 37/40

97%

This map shows the approximate number of Jewish people killed in each country.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

How effective were the internal and external policies of Benito Mussolini?

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(A team essay done by my Leaving Cert. students)

Mussolini founded his Fascist Party in 1919. Because of the weakness of both Italian democracy and economy, Fascism quickly became a mass movement with over 2300 Fascist squads established throughout Italy, On the 30th of October, Mussolini staged a “coup d’etat”, when 30,000 Fascists marched on Rome from different parts of Italy. The King refused to order the army to move against the Fascists. Instead, fearing trouble he offered Mussolini to become Prime Minister of Italy. This gave him the chance to introduce both internal and external policies. 7

Mussolini introduced the Acerbo Law to strengthen his power ; this allowed a party with the largest vote to have two thirds of the seats in parliament. This proved to be highly effective as it was popular amongst the Italian public, as it saw an end to the terrible P.R system that was in Italy since WW1. This law was welcomed as it would end the instability in Italian politics. 5

During the first election campaign under this new system(1924), the Fascists used violence and terror to influence the vote. Giacomo Matteotti published a pamphlet called “ The Fascist Exposed” where he gave detailed information on the abuses that had taken place during Mussolini’s campaign. He also demanded an enquiry to be carried out. .As a result of this, Matteotti was brutally murdered by Backshirts. The Italian public held Mussolini responsible for his murder. However Mussolini survived. After this incident Mussolini quickly made Italy a dictatorship. In 1925 when Mussolini removed all the rights of the King to appoint or dismiss any government minister. All laws were now signed by Mussolini and strict censorship was applied to the media. Newspapers and any other forms of media had to promote Fascist values. Mussolini was now “Il Duce”(the leader) and had effectively established the first Fascist dictatorship in the world. 8 (A lot of information, but you need to make it more relevant to the set question)

After WW1, Italy’s economy was in turmoil. High unemployment, poverty and inflation were out of control. Mussolini promised to solve all these problems. First, he attempted to make Italy self- sufficient by introducing two battles: “The Battle for Wheat” and “The Battle for Land”. These however only brought limited success. However, the most important economic reform was the formation of the Corporate State. Mussolini wanted to build a “Third Way” to run the economy by taking the “best bits of both capitalism and communism”. Trade unions and strikes were forbidden and 1934, 22 corporations were formed, each representing a major part of the economy eg agriculture, mining, industry. The corporations were made up of employers, workers’ representatives and govt representatives; the Fascist party. Workers pay and conditions would be fixed by the corporations hoping to end the conflict between employers and employees. However the Corporate State was far from effective. It only benefited employers and most Italians suffered a decline in their standard of living. The governments’ representatives sided with employers. Even though there were short term improvements in unemployment the Italian economy did not improve under Mussolini. Italy’s disastrous performance in WW2 is proof of how ineffective Mussolini’s internal economic policy was. 11 (should have broken this par. in two for more marks)

One of the main characteristics of Mussolini’s Fascist State was his use of Propaganda. Mussolini’s son-in-law, Galeazzo Ciano was minister for propaganda and had a huge part to play in the development of Mussolini’s cult of personality. Mussolini’s effective propaganda machine depicted him as Italy’s “new messiah”. He was also presented as a family man, a talented musician, a brave conqueror, a man of adventure and new technology and a hero amongst the peasants. Pictures of Mussolini were everywhere. His slogans “Believe, Obey, Fight” and “Mussolini is Always Right” were inscribed on the walls throughout Italy. Newsreels, radio broadcasts and newspaper stories all glorified Mussolini. Mussolini was well aware that sport could be used as a useful propaganda tool and saw the 1934 World Cup as an opportunity to boost his Fascist regime. Also the Fascist Party organised mass rallies where Mussolini gave rousing speeches. His powerful propaganda machine portrayed him as a heroic figure, a man who could do no wrong. 9

Mussolini’s youth groups and education were also very effective. Schools were forced to teach Fascist ideas . Teachers were expected to take an oath of loyalty to the state .Those who didn’t lose their jobs. History was rewritten to emphasise the glories of the Roman empire, Italy and Mussolini. There was fascist youth groups one for both boys and girls .Girls joined the Picole Italiane, which promoted ideas of motherhood and domesticity. The Fascists were most successful in enrolling eight to fourteen year old boys into the Balilla organisation. It promoted physical fitness and military training . they wore uniforms blackshirt. During military exercises they were armed with toy yet sometimes real guns. At fourteen to seventeen boys joined the Avanguardisti. At eighteen years boys were compulsorily recruited into the Fascist Party. 8

Mussolini very effectively ended the sixty year dispute between church and state. When Mussolini signed the Latern Treaty on February 1929. This stated that Catholicism was the official religion of Italy . The Pope controlled the Vatican in turn the pope recognised the Italian State . The treaty was Mussolini greatest success. Pope Pius XI stated: “We have given God back to Italy, and Italy to God”. 5

Mussolini’s foreign policy was very unsuccessful. He wanted to make Italy ‘great,respected and feared’. Mussolini and Hitler disagreed at first as Hitler wanted to unite Austria with Germany. Mussolini stopped this as he feared that Hitler would claim the land that Italy had acquired from Austria after WW1. Mussolini even formed the Stresa Front with Britain and France against Hitler. After the Abyssinian War however, Mussolini and Hitler drew increasingly close as Hitler supported Mussolini during it. They both supported fellow Fascist, General Franco in the Spanish Civil War. They both sent weapons to help him with the war against the Communists. Then from 1936 onwards, they both signed a series of agreements, the most famous being the ‘Pact of Steel’, which was signed in 1939. This pact meant that if either Germany or Italy declared war, the other country would help and support the other country. 7

However when Germany did declare war, Italy did not join at first. Mussolini knew that Italy was both military and economically ill prepared. But after Germany took over France, Mussolini wanted a share in the spoils and joined WW2 in1940. Mussolini said that all he needed ‘was a few dead soldiers to sit at the victory table’. However, Mussolini under estimated the Allies and as a result, Italy suffered defeat in both South Africa and Greece. On both occasions, Hitler had to send some of his own troops to help the Italians. Hitler described Mussolini as a ‘school boy without his homework done’. 7

Overall, I think Mussolini was a bad leader. He took away the parent rights to care for their own children, ‘entrusting’ them to the State. He also brainwashed the Italian nation, as well as a lot of international leaders, such as Winston Churchill and Pope Pius XI, who described him as being a ‘great statesman’. Granted, however, he had a few successes such as improving Italy’s transport infrastructure by building the autostrasse.. He also dealt with the Italian Mafia more effectively than any other leader. However, both his economic and foreign policies proved to be highly ineffective and would later lead to Italy’s destruction in WW2. 7

CM 74/ 60

OE 37

97/100

What were the main characteristics of the Nazi State 1933-1939?

(A “Team Essay” done by my students on Google Docs)

In January 1933 Hitler became Chancellor of Germany. He soon set about the task of making himself the absolute ruler of the country and created a totalitarian dictatorship. He introduced the Enabling Act and banned all other political parties, to become eventually become “Der Fuhrer”. Other Nazi characteristics that I believe are significant are: Propaganda , Education , Anti-semitism , Terror and the Nazi run Economy. 4

Propaganda was a massive characteristic of Nazi state in Germany. Hitler knew the importance of propaganda. In this he was greatly assisted by Joseph Goebbels who once said “ If you tell a big lie for long enough people will believe it” Goebbels introduced “Heil Hitler “ and the slogan “ Ein Volk , ein Reich , ein Fulmar!”. The Nazis controlled Newspapers. They were subjects of severe censorship. The Nazis also controlled the radio. The Nazis “ Peoples Receiver” was available on a cheap price of 76 Marks. Jazz music was banned and the radio had a narrow waveband, sp Germans could only listen to Nazi controlled radio.In cinemas Jewish actors and directors were banned. Movie that played were mostly propaganda movies like “ Triumph of the Will” or Anti-semitic movies like “Eternal Jew”. 7

Propaganda was also seen in the Nazi education system and in the Hitler Youth Movements. From a young age children were indoctrinated with Nazi ideals. All teachers had to be vetted by Nazi officials and any teachers considered disloyal were fined. Even school subjects were wrought with propaganda lies. History lessons were taught so as to glorify Germany and Hitler and condemn Jews. Biology was used to educate children on “blood purity” and to teach the importance of selecting the right partner when marrying. Youth movements were also a main characteristic of the state, again used for indoctrinating the minds of the young. Hitler wanted “young men and women who can suffer pain”. In 1936 it became compulsory to join the Hitler Youth. There were separate organisations for boys and girls. The German League of Maidens for girls and the Hitler Youth for the boys. Boys were taught to prepare for military service whereas girls were prepared for motherhood. For boys, part of their military training was to be able to shoot a gun, read maps, dig and how to throw a grenade. For girls, they had to be able to complete a two hour march, swim 100 metres and know how to make a bed. 11 (paragraph should have been broken for more marks)

The Nuremberg Rallies were another characteristic of the Nazi State. Rallies were held in the historic city of Nuremberg as Hitler wished to link the Nazis with the glories of Germany past. Each annual rally had an individual title and Leni Riefenstahl (a famous director) contributed by making films of the rallies. 1933 was the “Rally of Victory”, here the ‘racial question’ was discussed and Riefenstahl made the film “Victory of Faith”. 500,000 people took part in this rally. In 1934 the “Rally of Unity and Strength”.  Here  Riefenstahl made her most famous film called the “Triumph of the Will”. In this film Hitler descends from the skies by plane like a God. The rallies continued up until the 1939 “Rally of Peace” which was ironically cancelled due to the invasion of Poland. 6

Anti-Semitism was also a characteristic of the Nazi govt. In November 1938 a German ambassador called Ernst Von Rath was assassinated in Paris. Goebbels gave a speech saying “From this vile deed rises the imperative need to rise at once against the Jews”. On the night of the 9th of November, Nazi forces attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses. For 24 hours the Nazis went on a rampage.  Over 7000 Jewish businesses were destroyed and over 1000 synagogues. Approximately 100 people were killed and 20,000 people were arrested and sent to concentration camps. 6

The Nazis also  introduced laws against the Jews in what became known as the Nuremberg laws. They made it illegal for Aryans to have sexual with or marry Jews. Jews were no longer allowed to attend public swimming baths, parks and restaurants. Public buildings were closed to Jews and no jews were allowed to join the army. Jews were know known as subjects not citizens of Germany. Over time other laws were added to the Nuremberg laws. In 1938 Jews no longer had the right to choose their new born child’s name( It had to be chosen from a select list) In 1939 a curfew was enforced on Jews.  7 

Terror was also another main characteristic of the Nazis in Germany. The events of the 30th June 1934 showed how ruthless Hitler was. He called it “The Night of Long Knives”. When Hitler failed to implement a programme of social reform, tensions began to mount between Hitler and the SA leader; Ernst Rohm. The SA believed in a “second revolution” which would bring radical social change. Hitler was unwilling to do this,  as it would be opposed by the industrialists who had financed the rise of the Nazis and by the officer class of the German army. Hitler believed that the SA and Rohm had become too powerful. On 30th June Rohm and other SA leaders were dragged from their beds and murdered. Some 400 members of the SA were killed. The following day Hitler called a press conference and explained to the German people that the SA had been planning a communist takeover. 8

Another characteristic of the Nazi state in Germany was Hitler’s attempt at improving the economy. The German economy was devastated after its defeat in WW1. Unemployment and poverty soared. Hitler took over a country with 6 million unemployed . His aims were to restore Germany militarily and prepare for future war. Hitler changed the economy by introducing public work schemes such as the building of Autobahn, which employed nearly 200,000 workers. He also helped the motor industry, which increased by 500%. The expansion of the german army took 1.5 million off the unemployment register and arms factories provided thousands more jobs for Germans . Hitler’s economic policy was a tremendous success. He kept his promise of getting Germany back to work. 7

Overall the Nazi state had many unique characteristics. Propaganda played a huge role in Hitler’s rise to power and his success. The Nuremberg Rallies and the involvement of Goebbels proved significany. Hitler also transformed the German economy. However it was an economy directed towards war. This war; World War II would eventually destroy Hitler, Nazis and ultimately his beloved Germany. 4

Marked as a Leaving Cert. Essay

CM 60/ 60

OE 34

94%

 

EXAMPLES OF ANTISEMITIC LEGISLATION, 1933–1939

Find the differences

Nice collection of links on mind maps here

Studio 1215 news Blog

Write down a core idea or topic, then create a mind map of related ideas. Find the differences between related ideas to spur creative insights that you would otherwise overlook.

Mind maps are great way to get a grip of what you have in mind, or grasping your head around at the time. This also plays apart of one of my other blog post: “Ignore time”. With that in mind your gonna need it to really research, and draw up a virtual, and a physical plan for everything to come out.

 

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Mapping My Way Through Mind Maps

Off the back of my second session of the Instructional leadership Course with the inspiring Prof. Barrie Bennett, I’ve become very interested in the powerful potential of mind mapping. Unfortunately it is no easy task as a History teacher who thinks in a linear and chronological manner. Also while very open to new ideas; it’s hard to steer away from the tried and trusted that comes with nearly 20 years of teaching. But I’m determined to put some work into this over the next few weeks and see what comes of it.

Last night I put out the call on Twitter for apps that can be used for mind mapping. I was not disappointed with the helpful responses including …

I plugged for Coggle because it was easy to use and it would be easy to include pictures. Also I got a very quick response from their twitter feed with a problem I was having with the app (always a plus point!)

So here goes; whether I or my classes learn to use them effectively or produce remarkable work like this Mind Map remains to be seen, but it should be interesting !

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